Test ownership

Test ownership is critical in adopting a healthy testing culture at your organization. Defining one or more teams as test owners allows these teams to become accountable for maintaining a fast and reliable test suite, ensuring confidence when you deploy your code.

Customers on the Pro and Enterprise plans can assign test ownership to teams.

Test ownership is managed via team assignments in a TESTOWNERS file. The team that is the default owner of a test will be automatically assigned flaky tests to triage.

Buildkite test ownership is currently in private beta

Please reach out to our support team to register for early access.

TESTOWNERS file format

A TESTOWNERS file uses Buildkite team slugs instead of user names. Your team slug will be your team name in kebab-case. You can view your teams in your organization settings, or fetch them from our API:

# Example team name to slug
Pipelines => pipelines
Test Analytics => test-analytics
📦 Packages => packages

The following example TESTOWNERS file, which you can copy as a starting point, explains the syntax of this file and how it works:

TESTOWNERS
# This is a comment.
# Only Buildkite teams can be specified as test owners.
# Teams must have explicit access to the suite the test belongs to.
# Each line is a file pattern followed by one or more team slugs.

# The following example teams will be the test owners for all test
# location metadata (that is, test files) from your pipeline builds
# in this repository. While both these example teams own these
# tests, the first team specified in this file pattern is the
# default owner for all test files from your pipeline builds and
# will be notified about issues with their corresponding tests.
# Other teams specified from the second position onwards will also
# be identified as owners and appear in reports about the
# reliability of these tests. However, unlike the default team
# owner, these additional teams will not be notified about test
# issues. Any file pattern matches defined later in this file take
# precedence and override any file patterns defined further up
# this file. Therefore, unless a subsequent file pattern match
# takes precedence, `team-slug-1` will have any flaky tests
# assigned to them and the team's users notified by default.
*                     team-slug-1 team-slug-2

# In this example, any test file ending with `_spec.rb` will be
# assigned to the `test-analytics` team and not `team-slug-1`.
*_spec.rb             test-analytics # This is an inline comment.

# In this example, the `pipelines` team owns all `.rb` test files.
*.rb                  pipelines

# In this example, the `packages` team owns any test files in the
# `spec/packages/` directory at the root of the test location and
# in any of its subdirectories.
/spec/packages/       packages

# In this example, the `spec/features/*` pattern matches test files
# like `spec/features/application_spec.rb`, but not any test files
# nested in any subdirectories of `spec/features`, such as
# `spec/features/pipelines/application_spec.rb`.
spec/features/*       test-analytics

# In this example, the `pipelines` team owns any test file in any
# `pipelines` directory, anywhere within the test location.
pipelines/            pipelines

# In this example, the `test-analytics` team owns any test files
# within an `/analytics` directory such as `/models/analytics`,
# `/features/analytics`, and `/models/organizations/analytics`.
# Any test files directly within the `/analytics` directory itself
# will also belong to the `test-analytics` team.
**/analytics          test-analytics

# In this example, the `pipelines` team owns any test files in the
# `/spec` directory at the root of the test location. However, the
# test files contained within the `/spec/models/packages`
# subdirectory, are owned by the `packages` team.
/spec/                pipelines
/spec/models/packages packages

Permission requirements

The teams listed in your TESTOWNERS file must have permission to access the test suite before ownership records are created.

Setting test ownership

You can upload a TESTOWNERS file via this API endpoint:

curl --location 'https://analytics-api.buildkite.com/v1/test-ownerships' \
     --header "Authorization: Bearer <your-suite-api-token>" \
     -F 'file=@<your-TESTOWNERS-file-location>'

You can upload the same TESTOWNERS file to multiple test suites. However, a test suite can only have one active TESTOWNERS file.

You can also create a new pipeline to automatically upload your TESTOWNERS file when changes are detected.

Troubleshooting

A TESTOWNERS file follows the same rules as a .gitignore or CODEOWNERS file, with the exception of the .gitignore rule that allows a file path to have no corresponding team.

# In a regular `.gitignore` or `COEDOWNER` file, the following
# block would set the `test-analytics` team as the owner of any
# file in the `/specs` directory at the root of your test location
# except for the `/specs/features` subdirectory, as its owners are
# left empty.

# This functionality is not supported in a Buildkite `TESTOWNERS`
# file, where `/spec/features` would be also be owned by the
# `test-analytics` team.

/specs/         test-analytics
/specs/features